Fundamentals

PGA teaching professional Eric Hogge shows you how to generate a good full shoulder turn in your swing and what that turn should feel and look like when done properly.

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Full Fundamentals library

1.
The Gary Player step through
Hi Jim, I'm about a 10 handicap, and I'm trying hard to perfect my swing. I hit the ball very well, but often topple forward toward the target (like Gary Players step through drill).
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2.
Hit the ball solid
How can you break the habit of pulling up when approaching the ball ? I have got in the habit of pulling up and when doing that I top the ball and don't get a solid hit.
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3.
Check your divot
On short wedge shots from 75 yards in I am constantly pulling the ball left of target and short. Can you help me understand what I am doing wrong?  
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4.
Educate your hands
I can not (do not) turn my hands over at impact. The result is always a HUGE banana slice. Any drills that will teach me how and when to turn the hands?  
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5.
Raising up at impact
I have a problem with raising up at impact. Are there any drills to use to help with this problem?  
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6.
Swing at Impact
I have been concentrating on my downswing to think about slapping the ball with my right hand at impact. But I have been losing distance and hooking the ball. Should I be thinking more about hitting the ball with more of my left hand at impact on my woods and irons.
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7.
Shoulder turn
Is the shoulder turn on the backswing the same amount regardless of the length of the club, or do you turn less the shorter the club? Related question: Is the arm swing shorter with shorter clubs?  
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8.
Keeping the club near your body
My question is on transition from the top. Periodically I tend to rotate my back shoulder out and as a result end up with my hands away from my body and a SHANK. Do you have any ideas for a swing thought or a first move to better manage that transition from the top?  
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9.
'Sweep' the ball
I'm a 14 year old golfer. I play everyday that I can, so I am pretty accustomed to my tendencies. With almost every club (even my three wood), I take a rather large divot.
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10.
Shorten the backswing
I have spent thousands of dollars on golf lessons, and yet no one has been able to shorten my backswing. Once I get past parrallel I lost all the good angles. Please help.
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11.
Shorten the backswing
I have spent thousands of dollars on golf lessons, and yet no one has been able to shorten my backswing. Once I get past parrallel I lost all the good angles. Please help.
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12.
Keeping hip rotation
I've started hitting my wedges fat. Short shots, full shots -fat! I've tried a check list of diagnostics: tried flattening my swing, steepening by swing,weight foreward, head still, quiet lower body, active lower bory, shoulder turn, less active hands- still fat.
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13.
Best downswing motion
My question involves the motion most typical used to start the downswing for good players. I have read/heard that some players start the downswing with the right knee moving toward the ball, others start with a shift of weight to the left foot, Others start with a hip rotation.
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14.
Golf Etiquette
My question involves the motion most typical used to start the downswing for good players. I have read/heard that some players start the downswing with the right knee moving toward the ball, others start with a shift of weight to the left foot, Others start with a hip rotation.
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15.
Golf Etiquette
My question involves the motion most typical used to start the downswing for good players. I have read/heard that some players start the downswing with the right knee moving toward the ball, others start with a shift of weight to the left foot, Others start with a hip rotation.
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16.
Don't Chop Wood, Drive The Spike
If you put a log on the ground and asked someone to take out a chunk of wood from the log they would most likely swing the ax into the log at an angle and create sliced out section from the log. This action is done with an abrupt angle of attack into the wood log.
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17.
Balancing Your Body's Foundation
The foundation of your swing is all about balance.  Try these points to improve your foundation you're your set-up try to get the angle between your club shaft and spine near 90 degrees, your arms should hang down vertically so your hands are under your shoulders, and you should be ab
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18.
Get Connected - Ball Between the Arms Drill
Creating a connection between the turn of your shoulders and swing of your arms promotes a more efficient golf swing with less moving parts.  Most amateurs' swings have too many moving parts and as a result develop a great deal of inconsistency.  To improve the connection in your
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19.
Smarter Lay-ups
When you are faced with having to lay-up make sure you do the math in order to lay-up to a good distance.  Too often you will tend to always hit a 3 wood.  The problem is that you generally end up too close to the green to hit a full shot.  An example would be if you are 230 yar
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20.
Study the Lie of the Ball
From a short chip to a full swing, if the entire ball lies below the top of the grass, you will need to make changes in your set-up and swing.  You need to produce more of a steeper swing to get the ball up out of the grass.  Two keys that help first place more weight on your lead le
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