With Augusta National having admitted its first female members  earlier this week, all eyes have turned to The R&A. On Friday, former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown ramped up the pressure.
"If the golf club in Augusta can admit women, then shouldn't St. Andrews? If they can do it in South Carolina, can we not do it in Scotland?" Brown asked during the Scottish Parliament Festival of Politics in Edinburgh, according to a report in The Guardian newspaper. 
"I think we have to think hard and long about issues of discrimination in our own country," the paper quoted Brown as saying, as he discussed the role Scottish political and trade union leaders play in championing social justice across Great Britain.
Brown, who served as prime minister from 2007 to 2010, also said The R&A’s men-only policy was indefensible in the wake of Augusta National’s move.
In 2009, Scotland’s First Minister Alex Salmond criticized The R&A for what the Guardian said was ignoring its tradition of inviting the principals of St. Andrew's University to become members when Louise Richardson took the post. And soon after the news from Augusta National came out, Scottish Sports Minister Shona Robison urged The R&A and the all-male Muirfield Golf Club, which will host the 2013 British Open, to follow suit.
The R&A has not responded to all these remarks, but said in a statement that its rules specify a male membership and its members would determine any change in policy.