This week is pivotal for players trying to earn exemptions into U.S. Open

J.B. Holmes
Getty Images
J.B. Holmes, after winning the Wells Fargo Championship, is one of several players on the U.S. Open bubble.
Doug Ferguson
Associated Press

Series: PGA Tour

Published: Tuesday, May 20, 2014 | 7:08 p.m.
The USGA has tweaked the criteria for U.S. Open exemptions over the years without giving up two important objectives. It wants the most deserving players to be at the U.S. Open, and it wants to remain the most democratic of all majors. 
The formula appears to be working. 
At least half the 156-man field – usually a little more – has come through qualifying nine of the last 10 years. The exception was in 2006 when 80 players were exempt, and that was because of a few unusual circumstances. One of them was David Toms finishing bogey-bogey in 2005 to create an eight-way for 15th place. The top 15 and ties were exempt the following year, and 16 players got in through that category. 
With two weeks remaining before sectional qualifying, the U.S. Open is headed toward another split – half the field will be exempt, the other half will have to qualify. 
"Any time we consider an exemption change, that's the first thing we look at it," said Jeff Hall, the USGA's managing director of rules and competition. "We want to exempt those players deserving as such. But the democratic nature of the U.S. Open is very important to us." 
Any proposed change goes through a series of models to make sure the majority of the field is exempt from qualifying. 
Assuming that Tiger Woods does not play at Pinehurst No. 2 – he hasn't even been cleared to swing a club yet after March 31 back surgery – 49 players are exempt. There's a spot open for the BMW PGA Championship winner at Wentworth this week. And the top 60 in the world after each of the next two weeks will not have to qualify. 
From the top 60 in this week's ranking, 25 players would be exempt. 
The following week – after the Memorial – is the last cutoff, and it's loosely known as the "Justin Rose Rule." Rose won the Memorial in 2010 and moved to No. 33 in the world, one week after the ranking exemption was closed. In the three years since the extra week was added, no more than two players were added to the field. 
"We'll take that risk," Hall said. "There's some duplication, generally, with the world ranking and the Tour Championship field. Those people tend to stay in the top 60." 
Everyone on the bubble going into this pivotal week is playing either Colonial or Wentworth except for Richard Sterne (57), Charles Howell III (66) and J.B. Holmes (72). Howell tied for third at the Byron Nelson, but that was his fifth straight week. He is taking this week off. 
The U.S. Open is June 12-15 at Pinehurst No. 2. The last time the Open was played at Pinehurst, the winner (Michael Campbell) came through sectional qualifying.